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(Created page with "=每周关注= *[http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/MJO/enso.shtml 2017/2018 热带太平洋海温现象发展情况] *[http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 9-12...")
 
 
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=每周关注=
+
=Weekly developments=
*[http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/MJO/enso.shtml  2017/2018 热带太平洋海温现象发展情况]
+
*[http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/MJO/enso.shtml  2020/2021 热带太平洋海温现象发展情况]
 +
*[https://www.climate.gov/news-features/understanding-climate/climate-variability-oceanic-ni%C3%B1o-index#:~:text=The%20Oceanic%20Ni%C3%B1o%20Index%20%28ONI%29%20is%20NOAA%27s%20primary,the%20El%20Ni%C3%B1o-Southern%20Oscillation%2C%20or%20%E2%80%9CENSO%E2%80%9D%20for%20short. Explanation of the Oceanic Nino Index (ONI)]
 
*[http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 9-12月南极臭氧洞发展情况]
 
*[http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 9-12月南极臭氧洞发展情况]
 
*[http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/ 两极海冰变化情况]
 
*[http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/ 两极海冰变化情况]
 +
*[http://106.37.208.233:20035/ 全国城市空气质量实时发布平台]
 
*[http://zx.bjmemc.com.cn/ 北京空气质量实时监测]
 
*[http://zx.bjmemc.com.cn/ 北京空气质量实时监测]
 
*[https://pan.baidu.com/s/1oRKlaUidvEYyzABgO0uxpQ 环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定]
 
*[https://pan.baidu.com/s/1oRKlaUidvEYyzABgO0uxpQ 环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定]
*[http://www.nmc.gov.cn/publish/observations/china/dm/weatherchart-h000.htm 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
+
*[http://products.weather.com.cn/product/Index/index/procode/JC_TQFX_DM.shtml 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
 +
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
 +
*[https://himawari8.nict.go.jp/ 日本葵花8号卫星云图]
 +
*[https://www.weatherstationadvisor.com/how-to-read-a-weather-map/ 如何阅读地面天气图]
 
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 +
*[http://rammb.cira.colostate.edu/ramsdis/online/index.asp RAMSDIS Online 全球卫星云图数据库]
 +
*[https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/fires/main/index.html 美国宇航局森林火灾监测]
 +
 +
 +
=Weather forecast=
 +
*[http://products.weather.com.cn/product/Index/index/procode/JC_TQFX_DM.shtml 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 +
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/weather/images/nwp_intro.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图,选“陆地预测天气图”读取预报图]
 +
*[https://www.jma.go.jp/en/g3/ 日本气象厅地面分析天气图]
 +
*[https://www.ecmwf.int/en/forecasts 欧洲气象中心气象预报产品]
 +
*[https://www.fnmoc.navy.mil/wxmap_cgi/index.html 美国海军数值天气预报产品]
 +
*[https://weather.us/model-charts 一个汇集了全球主要气象预报模式产品的网站,可以参考对照不同模式结果]
 +
*[https://www.weatherstationadvisor.com/how-to-read-a-weather-map/ 如何阅读地面天气图]
 +
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 +
*[http://rammb.cira.colostate.edu/ramsdis/online/index.asp RAMSDIS Online 全球卫星云图数据库]
 +
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
 +
*[https://himawari8.nict.go.jp/ 日本葵花8号卫星云图]
 +
*[https://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/jtwc.html Joint Typhoon Warning Center联合台风预警中心] 除了预报以外,还有历史台风路径数据可以下载
 +
  
  
=第一章 地球、大气及大气的演化=
+
=Ch 1 Earth system and the Atmosphere=
 
*[https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/standard-atmosphere-d_604.html U.S.标准大气温压垂直剖面]
 
*[https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/standard-atmosphere-d_604.html U.S.标准大气温压垂直剖面]
 
*[http://phl.upr.edu/projects/visual-paleo-earth The Visible Paleo Earth Project] Spectacular visuals of the Earth's history. Highly recommended.
 
*[http://phl.upr.edu/projects/visual-paleo-earth The Visible Paleo Earth Project] Spectacular visuals of the Earth's history. Highly recommended.
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=第二章 辐射和地气系统的能量收支=
+
=Ch 2 Radiative transfer=
 
*[http://science.larc.nasa.gov/erbe/ The Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) NASA地球辐射收支卫星实验]
 
*[http://science.larc.nasa.gov/erbe/ The Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) NASA地球辐射收支卫星实验]
 +
*[http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/wxwise/gifs/homerbe.html The Earth's Radiation Energy Balance Albedo]
 
*[http://www.globalbedo.org/ 全球反射率分布图]
 
*[http://www.globalbedo.org/ 全球反射率分布图]
 +
*[http://climatemodels.uchicago.edu/modtran/ MODTRAN:] A model simulator for terrestrial infrared radiation
 +
*[https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/project/ceres/ceres_table Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES)] radiometric measurements of the Earth's atmosphere from three broadband channels
 
*[http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/atmos/blusky.html 瑞利散射及米散射比较]
 
*[http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/atmos/blusky.html 瑞利散射及米散射比较]
 
*[http://www.atoptics.co.uk/ 各种大气光学现象图片]
 
*[http://www.atoptics.co.uk/ 各种大气光学现象图片]
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=第三章 大气热力学和大气稳定度=
+
=Ch 3 Atmospheric thermodynamics=
 +
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 天气图标释义]
 +
*[https://www.thoughtco.com/symbols-on-weather-maps-3444369 天气图释义]
 
*[http://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/thermodynamics/notes/node64.html  Clausius-Clayperon公式推导]
 
*[http://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/thermodynamics/notes/node64.html  Clausius-Clayperon公式推导]
 
*[https://scied.ucar.edu/air-parcel-simulation 干、湿气块上升模拟]
 
*[https://scied.ucar.edu/air-parcel-simulation 干、湿气块上升模拟]
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 +
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/upperair/skewt.htm 斜温图介绍]
  
  
=第四章 云和降水=
 
*[http://www.weatherscapes.com/gallery.php?cat=clouds 各类云图片]
 
*[http://www.atmos.washington.edu/Atlas/index.html Bob Houze's Cloud Atlas 美国华盛顿大学Houze教授整理的各类云图片]
 
*[http://www.atmos.washington.edu/CloudMap/index.html Climatic Atlas of clouds 全球云气候统计]
 
*[http://snowcrystals.com/ Snowcrystals.com加州理工学院Libbrecht教授的雪花网站。各种雪花及冰晶生长图片和视频]
 
*[http://pmm.nasa.gov/precipitation-measurement-missions 美国航天局降水观测卫星任务网站(NASA Precipitation Measurement Missions)]
 
  
 
+
=Ch 4 Aerosols and atmospheric chemistry=
=第五章 大气化学=
+
 
*[http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 全球平流层臭氧洞发展情况监测]
 
*[http://ozonewatch.gsfc.nasa.gov/ 全球平流层臭氧洞发展情况监测]
 
*[http://www.temis.nl/index.php 欧洲航天局对流层排放卫星监测网站]
 
*[http://www.temis.nl/index.php 欧洲航天局对流层排放卫星监测网站]
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*[http://zx.bjmemc.com.cn/ 北京空气质量实时监测]
 
*[http://zx.bjmemc.com.cn/ 北京空气质量实时监测]
 
*[https://pan.baidu.com/s/1oRKlaUidvEYyzABgO0uxpQ 环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定]
 
*[https://pan.baidu.com/s/1oRKlaUidvEYyzABgO0uxpQ 环境空气质量指数(AQI)技术规定]
 
 
 
=第六章 大气气溶胶=
 
 
*[http://modis-atmos.gsfc.nasa.gov/MOD04_L2/index.html MODIS卫星气溶胶观测数据及图形]
 
*[http://modis-atmos.gsfc.nasa.gov/MOD04_L2/index.html MODIS卫星气溶胶观测数据及图形]
 
*[http://www-calipso.larc.nasa.gov/products/ CALIPSO卫星激光雷达数据及图形]
 
*[http://www-calipso.larc.nasa.gov/products/ CALIPSO卫星激光雷达数据及图形]
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=第七章 大气边界层和大气湍流=
+
 
 +
 
 +
=Ch 5 Clouds and precipitation=
 +
*[http://www.weatherscapes.com/gallery.php?cat=clouds 各类云图片]
 +
*[http://web.nmsu.edu/~dwdubois/clouds.html Dave Dubois整理的各类云图片]
 +
*[https://atmos.uw.edu/CloudMap/index.html Climatic Atlas of clouds 全球云气候统计]
 +
*[http://snowcrystals.com/ Snowcrystals.com加州理工学院Libbrecht教授的雪花网站。各种雪花及冰晶生长图片和视频]
 +
*[http://pmm.nasa.gov/precipitation-measurement-missions 美国航天局降水观测卫星任务网站(NASA Precipitation Measurement Missions)]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=Ch 6 Atmospheric boundary layer and turbulence=
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/upperair/skewt.htm 斜温图介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/upperair/skewt.htm 斜温图介绍]
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=第八章 大气运动的基本原理=
+
=Ch 7 Atmospheric measurements=
 +
*[http://data.cma.cn/data/index/6d1b5efbdcbf9a58.html 中国气象数据网]
 +
*[https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/OSY/Gos-components.html WMO全球观测系统]
 +
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
 +
*[https://himawari8.nict.go.jp/ 日本葵花8号卫星云图]
 +
*[http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/observe/satellite/Sat_T.htm?type=0 台湾中央气象局网页卫星云图(日本Hamawari8)]
 +
*[http://rammb.cira.colostate.edu/ramsdis/online/index.asp RAMSDIS Online 全球卫星云图数据库]
 +
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/radar/ 中国气象局全国雷达拼图]
 +
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 +
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/doppler/doppler_intro.html 美国国家气象局对都卜勒雷达的科普介绍]
 +
*[http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/tracegases.html CDIAC 大气温室气体浓度观测数据集]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=Ch 8 Atmospheric motion=
 
*[https://earth.nullschool.net/ 全球实时大气海洋观测数据动画] '''赏心悦目,强烈推荐'''
 
*[https://earth.nullschool.net/ 全球实时大气海洋观测数据动画] '''赏心悦目,强烈推荐'''
 
*[http://www.goes.noaa.gov/index.html 美国海洋大气总署地球同步卫星实时图像]
 
*[http://www.goes.noaa.gov/index.html 美国海洋大气总署地球同步卫星实时图像]
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=第九章 锋面和气旋=
+
=Ch 9 Mid- and high-latitude weather=
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/synoptic/cyclone.html 经典锋面模型]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/synoptic/cyclone.html 经典锋面模型]
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/synoptic/wxmaps.html 如何阅读地面天气图]
+
*[https://www.weatherstationadvisor.com/how-to-read-a-weather-map/ 如何阅读地面天气图]
 +
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 
*[http://www.nmc.gov.cn/publish/observations/china/dm/weatherchart-h000.htm 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 
*[http://www.nmc.gov.cn/publish/observations/china/dm/weatherchart-h000.htm 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
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=第十章 雷暴、龙卷和台风=
+
=Ch 10 Severe weather, low-latitude weather=
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tstorms/tstorms_intro.html 美国国家气象局对雷暴的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tstorms/tstorms_intro.html 美国国家气象局对雷暴的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/derechos/derecho_intro.html 美国国家气象局对线状对流系统(Derechos)的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/derechos/derecho_intro.html 美国国家气象局对线状对流系统(Derechos)的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/doppler/doppler_intro.html 美国国家气象局对都卜勒雷达的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/doppler/doppler_intro.html 美国国家气象局对都卜勒雷达的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/lightning/lightning_intro.html 美国国家气象局对闪电的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/lightning/lightning_intro.html 美国国家气象局对闪电的科普介绍]
 +
*[http://www.lightningmaps.org/?lang=en#m=oss;t=2;s=0;o=0;b=;ts=0; Real-time lightning map for the entire World]
 +
*[https://geology.com/records/lightning-hotspots/ Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela: Earth's lightning hotspot]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tropics/tropics_intro.html 美国国家气象局对热带气象的科普介绍]
 
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/tropics/tropics_intro.html 美国国家气象局对热带气象的科普介绍]
 
*[http://typhoon.nmc.cn/web.html 中央气象台 台风网]
 
*[http://typhoon.nmc.cn/web.html 中央气象台 台风网]
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=第十一章 大气环流和大洋环流=
+
=Ch 11 Climate data analysis=
==大气环流==
+
*[https://currents.soest.hawaii.edu/ocn_data_analysis/ Data Analysis with Python at University of Hawaii]. This is an extremely useful data analysis course developed by the Oceanography Department at University of Hawaii. The [https://currents.soest.hawaii.edu/ocn_data_analysis/analysis_methods.html python tutorials] to some of the most frequently used analysis techniques are especially recommended.
 +
*[http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/cgi-bin/data/getpage.pl NOAA ESRL PSD interactive plotting and analysis page]
 +
*[http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/ NOAA ESRL PSD gridded datasets]
 +
*[http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/20thC_Rean/ NOAA PSD 20th Century Reanalysis]
 +
*[https://www.climate.gov/news-features/understanding-climate/climate-variability-oceanic-ni%C3%B1o-index#:~:text=The%20Oceanic%20Ni%C3%B1o%20Index%20%28ONI%29%20is%20NOAA%27s%20primary,the%20El%20Ni%C3%B1o-Southern%20Oscillation%2C%20or%20%E2%80%9CENSO%E2%80%9D%20for%20short. Explanation of the Oceanic Nino Index (ONI)]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
=Ch 12 General circulation of the atmosphere=
 
*[http://eos.atmos.washington.edu/ceres/ CERES atlas]
 
*[http://eos.atmos.washington.edu/ceres/ CERES atlas]
 
*[http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/cgi-bin/data/getpage.pl NOAA ESRL PSD interactive plotting and analysis page]
 
*[http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/cgi-bin/data/getpage.pl NOAA ESRL PSD interactive plotting and analysis page]
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==海洋环流==
+
=Ch 12 General circulation of the ocean=
 
*[http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/ocng_textbook/contents.html Rob Stewart's open source textbook ''Introduction to Physical Oceanography'']
 
*[http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/ocng_textbook/contents.html Rob Stewart's open source textbook ''Introduction to Physical Oceanography'']
 
*[http://woceatlas.ucsd.edu/ WOCE Hydrographic Programme Atlases]
 
*[http://woceatlas.ucsd.edu/ WOCE Hydrographic Programme Atlases]
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=第十二章 气候系统和全球变暖=
+
=Ch 13 Climate system and climate change=
 +
*[http://data.cma.cn/data/index/6d1b5efbdcbf9a58.html 中国气象数据网
 
*[http://www.climatechange2013.org/ IPCC第五次评估报告(AR5)第一工作组(WG1)报告全文]
 
*[http://www.climatechange2013.org/ IPCC第五次评估报告(AR5)第一工作组(WG1)报告全文]
 
*[http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/ENSO/regressions/ 厄尔尼诺对全球气候影响]
 
*[http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/ENSO/regressions/ 厄尔尼诺对全球气候影响]
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=第十三章 行星大气=
+
=Other topics=
*[http://phl.upr.edu/projects/visual-paleo-earth The Visual Paleo Earth]
+
==Weather analysis and forecasting==
*[https://exoplanetarchive.ipac.caltech.edu/ NASA Exoplanet Archive]
+
*[http://phl.upr.edu/ Planetary Habitability Laboratory]
+
 
+
 
+
=第十四章 大气探测=
+
*[https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/OSY/Gos-components.html WMO全球观测系统]
+
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
+
*[http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/observe/satellite/Sat_T.htm?type=0 台湾中央气象局网页卫星云图(日本Hamawari8)]
+
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/radar/ 中国气象局全国雷达拼图]
+
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
+
*[http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/doppler/doppler_intro.html 美国国家气象局对都卜勒雷达的科普介绍]
+
*[http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/tracegases.html CDIAC 大气温室气体浓度观测数据集]
+
 
+
 
+
=天气分析与预报=
+
 
*[http://www.nmc.gov.cn/publish/observations/china/dm/weatherchart-h000.htm 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 
*[http://www.nmc.gov.cn/publish/observations/china/dm/weatherchart-h000.htm 中央气象台实时天气分析图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
 
*[http://web.kma.go.kr/chn/index.jsp 韩国气象局中文网页。可以选“天气影像”“天气图”“分析天气图”读取最新地面天气图]
 
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 
*[http://www.nwhiker.com/WXsymbols.html 分析天气图图标释义]
 
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
 
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/satellite/ 中国气象局气象卫星云图(风云二号)]
 +
*[https://himawari8.nict.go.jp/ 日本葵花8号卫星云图]
 
*[http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/observe/satellite/Sat_T.htm?type=0 台湾中央气象局网页卫星云图(日本Hamawari8)]
 
*[http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/observe/satellite/Sat_T.htm?type=0 台湾中央气象局网页卫星云图(日本Hamawari8)]
 +
*[http://rammb.cira.colostate.edu/ramsdis/online/index.asp RAMSDIS Online 全球卫星云图数据库]
 
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/radar/ 中国气象局全国雷达拼图]
 
*[http://www.weather.com.cn/radar/ 中国气象局全国雷达拼图]
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
 
*[http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html 全球探空资料]
Line 163: Line 205:
  
  
=大气科学科普文章=
+
=Planetary atmospheres=
 +
*[http://phl.upr.edu/projects/visual-paleo-earth The Visual Paleo Earth]
 +
*[https://exoplanetarchive.ipac.caltech.edu/ NASA Exoplanet Archive]
 +
*[http://phl.upr.edu/ Planetary Habitability Laboratory]

Latest revision as of 02:09, 23 November 2020

Weekly developments


Weather forecast


Ch 1 Earth system and the Atmosphere



Ch 2 Radiative transfer


Ch 3 Atmospheric thermodynamics


Ch 4 Aerosols and atmospheric chemistry



Ch 5 Clouds and precipitation


Ch 6 Atmospheric boundary layer and turbulence


Ch 7 Atmospheric measurements


Ch 8 Atmospheric motion


Ch 9 Mid- and high-latitude weather


Ch 10 Severe weather, low-latitude weather


Ch 11 Climate data analysis


Ch 12 General circulation of the atmosphere


Ch 12 General circulation of the ocean


Ch 13 Climate system and climate change


Other topics

Weather analysis and forecasting


Planetary atmospheres

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